Due to the growing demand of software application development, architects and developers who can build large projects are more required each time. For that reason, here are some of the best software development best practices you can adopt.
If you’re a beginner, the best advice is to simply learn your language, frameworks, and tools top to bottom and gain more experience with a variety of different projects.
If you’re an experienced software developer, you should constantly try to find new ways to optimize your code for readability, performance, and maintainability. Then, you should practice making well-reasoned decisions about where to focus time and resources in your code—whether it’s testing, performance optimization, or other technical debt.
Area and software architecture:
Great programmers can take a complex problem, break it down into smaller pieces, solve each of those pieces, and then put everything back together to solve the initial problem. Software is just a tool for solving problems. Since it’s needed in almost all areas, develop in one that interests you. If you understand an area well and are passionate about it, you’ll be a much better, more motivated developer. You’ll also be exponentially more valuable and lucrative to companies hiring.
Code simplicity is an idea that came from Max Kanat-Alexander, a software developer at Google Community Lead and Release Manager of the Bugzilla project. The idea is to reduce unnecessary complexity in software development.
Test from end to end:
Full integration testing ensures that all components are working together as expected and increases code coverage.
Choose the right process:
The success of the software development life cycle relies heavily on the method you will adopt. Common software development models and methods include the following: Waterfall model, prototyping model, spiral mode, agile software development. You need to choose the one that suits your project best, then adhere to it throughout.
Select a system architecture:
The system architecture is defined as a set of conventions, rules, and standards used in a computer system’s technical framework, as well as customer requirements and specifications that the system manufacturer follows in designing the system’s components.
The system architect should choose the architecture that is suitable for your project, taking into consideration the requirements and limitations and also identifying the threats and anti-patterns in the system.
Don’t forget, check your code again:
Everyone makes mistakes. An attitude which allows you to acknowledge imperfections is the first step to investing your time in a code review. Having a colleague read over your pull requests before merging is a good way to ensure final code quality. Code reviews help reduce bugs in the product – that’s the bottom line – so give up that idea of perfection.